The beginning of Friday the 13th
Researchers are still looking for the roots of superstition for “black Friday”. There are several hypotheses: There are a 13 people in the secret dinner – Jesus and the 12 Apostles. Even today, in many peoples there is a belief that 13 people should not sit together at a table. The traitor Judah comes last, thirteen.
Others recall that the Savior was crucified on Friday. Superstition may also have a connection with the lunar-solar calendar, which should be 13 months in some years, while the Gregorian and lunar Islamic calendar always have 12 months a year.
According to others, Twelve gods celebrated in Valhalla, the house of Odin. The god of evil and fire Loki invaded uninvited at the celebration as the 13th guest and killed the god Baldr with arrow. The earth sunk in darkness and mourning.
More recently, the date of 13 October 1307 clearly stands out, when Jacques de Mole, the Grand Master of the Order of the Templars, and thousands of Knights of the Order, were arrested by order of the French King Philip IV and Pope Clement V. Faced with terrible torture, they confessed to accusations of heresy, sodomy, and all other crimes. Hundreds were burned at the stake, others were executed later. From this day on, Friday, 13th is considered a bad and miserable day by the Templar followers.
In ancient Rome sorcerers gathered in groups of 12. They believed that the 13th in the group was the devil himself.
According to numerologists the number 13 “suffers” because of his position after 12. There are 12 months in a year, 12 zodiac signs, 12 gods of Olympus, 12 tribes of Israel, 12 apostles of Jesus.
The 13th card of Tarot is the death card
The fear of the number 13 is everywhere today. More than 80% of the skyscrapers do not have the 13th floor. Many airports miss the 13th runway. Few hotels are without the 13th floor or the 13th room. In Formula 1 there is no car number 13. The streets in Florence have no number 13. You will see 12 and a half or 12A because it sounds less disturbing.
On April 13, 1970, an oxygen tank explosion confused the plans of Apollo 13 landing on the moon. The shuttle is fired from a number 39 missile site (13 x 3). The miraculously crew surviving returns to Earth. Number lovers clearly see a black stunt – the sum of the figures on the date of take-off of the missile, written in the way it is adopted in the United States (4-11-70), is 13. The launch time of Apollo 13 is 13:13 am USA local time.
The names of some of the most famous serial killers contain 13 letters: Jack the Ripper, John Wayne Gacy, Charles Manson, Jeffrey Dahmer, Theodore (Ted) Bundy.
It is not accidental that many people are so paralyzed on this date for fear they do not even get out of bed. Others refuse to fly, travel at all, others postpone the purchase of a home. Restaurants and amusement facilities remain empty. It is estimated that this day alone in the US business loses between $ 800 and $ 900 million as many people just do not go to work.
Donald Dossey, founder of the Stress Management Center and the Phobias Institute in Asheville, North Carolina, says that the fear of Friday, 13th, is torturing between 17 and 21 million Americans. Symptoms range from anxiety to panic. Psychologists have found that people who are considered unhappy are more likely to believe in superstition related to bad luck. A quarter of respondents associate the number 13 with bad luck.